Hallucinogens

LSD:  In 2015, 4.3% of 12th graders and 3.0% of 10th graders admitted to using LSD in their lifetime.

PCP:  2.4% of Americans will try PCP in their lifetime.

There are no known medical uses for hallucinogens, which produce multiple and dramatic behavior changes. Effects include rapidly changing feelings, hallucinations, confusion, anxiety and loss of control. Includes substances such as LSD, PCP and ecstasy.

LSD

OTHER NAMES

Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, Acid, Hits, Microdots, Sugar Cubes, Tabs, Trips, Blotters, L, Lucy

HOW USED

Orally from tablets, capsules, gelatin, liquid, or colorful blotter paper
Gelatin and liquid can be put into the eye

CATEGORY

Hallucinogen

GENERAL INFORMATION

LSD is the most potent mood and perception-altering drug known to man, as well as being the most highly studied hallucinogen compound. It's a clear or white odorless, water-soluble material synthesized from lysergic acid, a compound derived from a fungus found growing on rye and other wild grasses and grains.

The effects of LSD are dependent on the individual, how much is taken, how the user feels, and the situation they're in. The user can begin "tripping" within half an hour after taking the drug, peak up to six hours, and eventually fade after about twelve hours. No trip is ever the same.

IMMEDIATE SYMPTOMS

  • Dilated pupils
  • Sweating
  • Dry mouth
  • Abnormal Laughter
  • Distracted and rapid reflexes
  • Increased heart rate
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sleeplessness
  • Impaired short-term memory
  • Elevated blood pressure and body temperature

LONG-TERM RISKS/POSSIBLE DAMAGE

  • Recurring flashbacks
  • Physical tolerance
  • Psychological dependence
  • Possible psychosis
  • Prolonged depression
  • Anxiety with extreme panic that can cause lasting trauma

INDICATIONS OF USE

  • Colored tablets
  • Blotter paper (decorated with colorful designs or cartoon characters)
  • Clear liquid
  • Thin square gelatin squares

PCP - Phencyclidine & Analogs

OTHER NAMES

PCP, Angel Dust, Supergrass, Killer Weed, Embalming Fluid, Rocket/Jet Fuel, Zombie Dust, Hog, Busy Bee

HOW USED

  • Orally in tablet, capsule, and powder form
  • Smoked when applied in liquid form on leafy material (including tobacco, marijuana, parsley, mint, or oregano – known as "wet stick")
  • Snorted in powder form
  • Injected in liquid form

CATEGORY

Hallucinogen

GENERAL INFORMATION

PCP, initially used as an anesthetic, is a powerful chemical that affects vital organs, such as the heart, lungs, and kidneys. It can especially have serious affects on the brain, sometimes causing psychotic and violent behavior.

PCP remains inside the body in fat cells. It can leak back into the bloodstream causing flashbacks, which may involve hallucinations and other symptoms.

IMMEDIATE SYMPTOMS

  • Flushing and heavy perspiration
  • Nausea
  • Drooling
  • Confusion
  • Fluttering and uncontrolled eye movement
  • Blurred vision
  • Loss of coordination
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Altered states of consciousness
  • Stupor
  • Elevated blood pressure and body temperature
  • Agitation
  • Numbness in cheeks and extremities (inability to feel physical pain)

LONG-TERM RISKS/POSSIBLE DAMAGE

  • Recurring flashbacks
  • Physical tolerance
  • Psychological dependence
  • Possible psychosis
  • Memory lapse
  • Depression
  • Mood disorders
  • Violent urges
  • Loss of fine motor skills
  • Speech difficulties

INDICATIONS OF USE

  • Chemical odor when smoked
  • Metallic taste
  • Small vials
  • Aggressive behavior
  • Violent acts

Ecstasy/MDMA

OTHER NAMES

Methylenedioxymethamephetamine; E; X; XTC; MDMA; Adam; Hug Drug; Love Drug; Essence

HOW USED

Orally

CATEGORY

Stimulant

GENERAL INFORMATION

Methylenedioxymethamephetamine, better known as MDMA or Ecstasy, is a synthetic mind-altering stimulant that can cause hallucinations. There is no accepted medical use of Ecstasy in the United States. The drug is currently either produced in unsupervised, illicit laboratories domestically, or produced abroad and illegally smuggled into the country. Since it's manufactured without stringent regulations, it's uncertain how much of what chemicals are actually in what's being sold as "Ecstasy." Tablets can easily be contaminated with other substances. By itself, Ecstasy is a very dangerous and unforgiving drug. When combined with other compounds that are just as dangerous or worse, the outcome can be fatal.

Ecstasy users believe that the drug will make them feel good and enable them to keep going for days without rest. It is popular with teens and young adults at clubs, concerts, and all night dance parties or "raves," which is why it's also known as a "club drug." Users report a heightened sense of awareness as well as a feeling of increased empathy or emotional closeness to others. It makes someone's feelings much more intense, whether they're good or bad.

Usually taken orally in a tablet or capsule form, Ecstasy lasts approximately 3 to 6 hours. It increases the user's heart rate and can cause dry mouth, stomach cramps, blurred vision, chills, sweating, or nausea. It can also make some users feel anxious, confused, and paranoid. The stimulant effects enable users to dance for extended periods of time, which can lead to dehydration and hypertension. Marked increase in body temperature (malignant hyperthermia) can cause muscle breakdown and kidney and/or cardiovascular system failure.

IMMEDIATE SYMPTOMS

  • Confusion
  • Depression
  • Panic Attacks
  • Paranoia
  • Headaches and/or dizziness
  • Stomach cramps
  • Blurred vision
  • Restlessness
  • Sweating
  • Increased pulse
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Loss of appetite
  • "Goose bumps"
  • Sleep problems
  • Severe anxiety
  • Dehydration

LONG-TERM RISKS/POSSIBLE DAMAGE

  • Thought and memory impairment * Muscle tension
  • Loss of motor coordination
  • Involuntary teeth clenching
  • Psychiatric disturbances including panic, anxiety, depression and paranoia
  • Heart attack
  • Seizures
  • Stroke
  • Death

INDICATIONS OF USE

  • Bright colored tablets or capsules imprinted with various designs, corporate logos, or cartoon figures
  • Infant pacifiers
  • Lollipops to reduce teeth grinding
  • Dust or surgical masks
  • Glow sticks or glow jewelry
  • Vicks Vapo-Rub (inhaling the cool menthol is believed to heighten the experience)
  • Mint, gum, or vitamin containers used to conceal the drug.

Learn more about how to talk to your kids about drugs and alcohol.